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About 20% of Ukrainian IT specialists work abroad

About 20% of Ukrainian IT specialists work abroad, while their number increased to 57 thousand in 2023 from 50 to 57 thousand a year earlier, according to the study AI Ecosystem of Ukraine: Talents, Companies, Education , prepared by the non-profit organization. Investment group AI House and Roosh with the support of the Ministry of Digital Information.

According to the data, the total number of IT specialists in Ukraine increased from 285 thousand in 2022 to 307 thousand in 2023.

According to Eurostat data cited in the study, Ukraine ranks second among Central and Eastern European countries in terms of the number of IT specialists, followed by Poland with 600.7 thousand.

At the same time, the number of AI/ML specialists has increased fivefold over the past ten years, but in January 2024 it will amount to just over 1% – 5.2 thousand people.

“The active migration of specialists abroad as a result of the war leads to a shortage of qualified personnel in the domestic market, which hinders the development of the industry,” the study said.

The most common occupations among specialists are data scientists and ML engineers, which together represent 63% of all AI/ML industry professionals. It is noted that these areas offer the highest salaries among IT specialties in the country. The average salary of a junior specialist in Ukraine is $1-1.5 thousand, and a senior specialist – $4.5 thousand.

Over the past decade, the number of AI products companies in Ukraine has increased 3.7 times and will reach 183 by 2023, while the number of AI services companies has increased by 46% to 60. Over the past four years, 34 companies have specialized in artificial intelligence is open. It is noted that 55% of the offices of Ukrainian AI companies are located in Kyiv.

At the same time, the country ranks last among the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in terms of the number of venture capital investments attracted in the past three years. The leaders are Poland, Lithuania and the Czech Republic, which attract twelve to sixteen times more funding than Ukraine, the study said. The likely reasons are the large-scale invasion of Russia and the registration of Ukrainian companies in European countries or the United States.

In 2023, the amount of venture capital investments that 22 Ukrainian companies managed to attract fell by 31% to $ 10.8 million compared to 2022, which, according to the authors of the study, repeats the general trend of a decrease in such investments in the world. . The war also complicates the negotiation process between startups and potential investors to obtain financing.

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